The old hacking method to steal user information from online shopping sites has been thoroughly modernized, affecting two dozen websites.
Cybercriminals have been using a modernized version of an old technique to steal users’ payment information on online shopping websites—web skimming.
Web skimming is a popular practice used by attackers to steal users’ credit card details from the payment pages of online stores. Attackers inject pieces of code into the source code of the website. This malicious code then collects the data entered by visitors to the site (such as payment account logins or credit card numbers) and sends the harvested data to the address specified by attackers in the malicious code.
Often, to conceal the fact that the webpage has been compromised, attackers register domains with names that resemble popular web analytics services, such as Google Analytics. That way, when they inject the malicious code, it is harder for the site administrator to know that the site has been compromised. For example, a site named “googlc-analytics[.]com” is easy to mistake as a legitimate domain.
Recently, however, researchers from Kaspersky have discovered a previously unknown technique for conducting web skimming attacks. Rather than redirecting the data to third-party sources, they redirected it to official Google Analytics accounts.
Once the attackers registered their accounts on Google Analytics, all they had to do was configure the accounts’ tracking parameters to receive a tracking ID. They then injected the malicious code along with the tracking ID into the webpage’s source code, allowing them to collect data about visitors and have it sent directly to their Google Analytics accounts.
Better obfuscation methods
Because the data is not being directed to an unknown third-party resource, it is difficult for administrators to realize the site has been compromised. For those examining the source code, it just appears as if the page is connected with an official Google Analytics account—a common practice for online stores.
To make the malicious activity even harder to spot, the attackers also employed a common anti-debugging technique: if a site administrator reviews the webpage source code using Developer mode, then the malicious code is not executed.
About two dozen websites were found to have been compromised in this way, which included stores in Europe and North and South America.
Comments Victoria Vlasova, Senior Malware Analyst at Kaspersky: “This is a technique we have not seen before, and one that is particularly effective. Google Analytics is one of the most popular web analytics services out there. The vast majority of developers and users trust it, meaning it is frequently given permission to collect user data by site administrators. That makes malicious injects containing Google Analytics accounts inconspicuous—and easy to overlook. As a rule, administrators should not assume that, just because the third-party resource is legitimate, its presence in the code is ok.”
Kaspersky has informed Google of the problem, and they confirmed they have ongoing investments in spam detections.